Object Highlights Convict Parramatta 1790 - 1849

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Title Basin - general use wash basin
Maker unknown
Creation Date 1750-1790
Description General purpose basin used in a convict hut on George Street, Parramatta, between 1790 and 1810
Object Number ARC2012.1.36.GCS
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Title Convict Cup
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1810
Description Convict Cup made from Sydney clay with a sand dune profile. This unglazed pottery is a rare example of very early Colonial pottery made before there were available glazes in Australia. This was found in an archaeolgical investigation in a convict hut under floor area context with a glass and a ming bowl.
Object Number ARC2012.2.4.GSP
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Title Glass Tumbler
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1810
Description Early Colonial glass tumbler with repair holes. Found in a convict hut under floor area with a convict cup and Ming bowl.
Object Number ARC2012.3.5.GSP
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Title Ming Bowl
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1400-1460
Description This Ming bowl is provincial ware and was found in a convict hut context 1790-1810 in the underfloor area with a glass and convict cup.
Object Number ARC2012.4.5.GSP
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Title Gill measure
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Description Brass publican's gill measure used in the early Parramatta inn "Babes in the Wood".

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989. The site, at the corner of Smith and George Streets in Parramatta, was the location of two convict huts from 1790 and then of the Babes in the Woods Hotel from about 1810 to the 1880s. The hotel was demolished and replaced by a two-storey house which remained until the 1960s.
Object Number ARC2012.6.1.BIW
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Title Leak Pottery stoneware bottle
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1820
Description Early Colonial bottle made by the Leak Pottery at Brickfields Hill, Sydney, possibly by Jonathon Leak. This business was started by Jonathon Leak, one of the best known early potters of the Colony who came out as a convict.

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989 encompassing the foreshores of the Parramatta River from Arthur Street to Charles Street Wharf, from the Gasworks Bridge to Morton Street, land on George Street between Harris and Purchase Streets. The site has a varied history with the wharf landing in existence from 1788, and barracks, stores, granaries, a mens’ asylum, a mill and cloth factory all being in evidence at times between 1788 and the 1930s.
Object Number ARC2012.5.1.QWE
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Title Celtic sword brooch
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1880s
Description Celtic sword brooch with detailed celtic inspired motifs

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989 encompassing the foreshores of the Parramatta River from Arthur Street to Charles Street Wharf, from the Gasworks Bridge to Morton Street, land on George Street between Harris and Purchase Streets. The site has a varied history with the wharf landing in existence from 1788, and barracks, stores, granaries, a mens’ asylum, a mill and cloth factory all being in evidence at times between 1788 and the 1930s.
Object Number ARC2012.7.1.QWW
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Title Shako Plate
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1838-1842
Description A shako plate is a part of the decoration on a shako which is the tall 'hat' commonly identified with the early Colonial 'Redcoats'. This Shako plate is from the 28th Regiment - fusiliers. This is noted by the fusiliers emblem. This particular plate is unique and there is no record of a 28th Regiment of Fusiliers in Parramatta from 1838-1842. As there are no historical records of a Fusilier regiment in Parramatta this is an important archaeological object providing historical information not readily available from any other known source.

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989 encompassing the foreshores of the Parramatta River from Arthur Street to Charles Street Wharf, from the Gasworks Bridge to Morton Street, land on George Street between Harris and Purchase Streets. The site has a varied history with the wharf landing in existence from 1788, and barracks, stores, granaries, a mens’ asylum, a mill and cloth factory all being in evidence at times between 1788 and the 1930s.
Object Number ARC2012.8.1.QWE
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Title Oil Burner
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1820
Description Oil burner used in a domestic context in the same manner as a candle. Oil was a more prevalent and cheaper lighting method than candles in the early Colonial period. This particular crucible was identified as made in Parramatta because of the nature of the sand profile in the clay.

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989 encompassing the foreshores of the Parramatta River from Arthur Street to Charles Street Wharf, from the Gasworks Bridge to Morton Street, land on George Street between Harris and Purchase Streets. The site has a varied history with the wharf landing in existence from 1788, and barracks, stores, granaries, a mens’ asylum, a mill and cloth factory all being in evidence at times between 1788 and the 1930s.
Object Number ARC2012.9.1QWE
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Title Oil Burner
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1820
Description Oil burners were a common source of domestic lighting as they were an available and cheap method of illumination. This crucible form of burner was made from clay in Parramatta Park identified by the sand profile in the clay. It is one of the Colonial pottery artefacts made in the very early Colonial period.

This artefact was discovered in an archaeological investigation in 1989 encompassing the foreshores of the Parramatta River from Arthur Street to Charles Street Wharf, from the Gasworks Bridge to Morton Street, land on George Street between Harris and Purchase Streets. The site has a varied history with the wharf landing in existence from 1788, and barracks, stores, granaries, a mens’ asylum, a mill and cloth factory all being in evidence at times between 1788 and the 1930s.
Object Number ARC2012.10.1.QWW
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Title Flint and lead shot [possibly musket]
Maker (Unknown) Convict
Creation Date 1790-1820
Description Flint and lead shot such as musket balls were used in firearms in Parramatta 1789-1840s. Flint was also used as part of a tinderset for lighting domestic fires.
Object Number ARC2012.12.4.GCS
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Title Marsden Street Wier, dam, on the Parramatta River after a flood, circa 1888
Object Number LSP00293
Spine Number LSOP 293
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